New Puppy/Kitten Wellness
Congratulations on your new pet! Now is the time you will want to bring them into your veterinarian to make sure they receive the proper vaccines and care to get them off to a great start as they grow.
Our New Puppy and New Kitten Packages under the age of 8 Months Includes:
- New Patient Exam
- First Vaccine
- Nail Trim
- First Month of Heartworm Prevention and Flea Prevention
- $40 OFF Spay or Neuter
There is also a package that offers a microchip. For package prices please call the clinic.
What to expect during your first visit with your new kitten or puppy:
First, the technician will get the temperature and weight of your new friend. Then the doctor will come in and listen to their heart and lungs. They will check their eyes, ears, and mouth.
They also discuss important things that will help keep them healthy as they continue to grow like nutrition and heartworm prevention.
What Vaccines does my puppy or kitten need?
Our clinic recommends the following vaccine schedule:
DA(P)P: Distemper, Adenovirus, (Para-influenza), Parvovirus. The first vaccines should be given at 8 weeks, 12 weeks, and then 16 weeks. It should be boosted one year later, and then every three years thereafter.
RABIES: The initial vaccine should be given between 12-16 weeks of age. It should be boosted one year later, then every three years.
There are other vaccines that should be given that are considered Non-Core vaccine and are only given if your pet is considered to be “at risk” and will be discussed with you during your veterinary visit. Those vaccines are:
FVRCP: combination vaccine which protects against a common, contagious viral, flu-like complex. It is an upper respiratory disease cause by various viruses and bacteria. The first vaccine should be given at 6 to 8 weeks of age, the second being given at 10 to 12 weeks. It is then boosted annually, and then every three years after.
FeLV: Feline Leukemia virus is recommended for all cats but very important for those that may go outside. This is given when your cat is considered at risk. The first vaccine should be given beginning at 6 to 8 weeks old, the second being administered at 10 to 12 weeks of age. This vaccine should be boosted one more time yearly, and then every 3 years after booster vaccine is given.
RABIES: is required at 12 weeks of age or older. The first vaccine is effective for one year and then given every year thereafter. We are proud to share with you that we are now using PureVax feline rabies vaccines. There is something called adjuvant in standard rabies vaccines which can cause tumors in cats which are very invasive and often fatal. Although this is rather rare, this does not seem important when it is your cat.
Newborn Kitten Care Guideline
During the first few weeks of life, a kitten’s primary concerns are feeding, keeping warm, developing social skills and learning how to excrete on his own. In most cases, humans will simply watch the mother cat perform her duties.
Kittens who are with their mother should not be over-handled, especially not during their first week of life—this may upset the mother. If the kitten in your care is younger than one week old, please consult your veterinarian. In order to properly socialize a young feline to humans, start to handle him from the second week on through the seventh week—this is considered an important time for socialization. It is also important to try to socialize the kittens with other cats. Any socialization with other cats should be monitored.
Please note, kittens are prone to injury if handled roughly—anyone who handles the little ones in your care will need to be very gentle. Young children in particular should be supervised.
Feeding a Newborn Kitten
A mother cat’s milk provides everything a kitten needs during the first four weeks of life. The following is a general eating schedule for newborns who have been separated from their mothers and young cats:
- Newborn kittens may nurse about every 1-2 hours with Kitten Milk Replacer.
- At about three to four weeks old, they can be offered milk replacer from a bowl and then small amounts of moistened kitten food four to six times a day.
- *Make sure when bottle feeding kittens that they are held sternal and not on their backs. Holding kittens on their backs while nursing can cause them to aspirate on the formula.
- Kittens from 6 to 12 weeks old should be fed four times a day as you gradually decrease their access to milk replacer.
- Kittens from three to six months old should be fed three times a day.
*Please do not offer regular cow’s milk to cats of any age. It is not easily digestible and can cause diarrhea.
When the orphaned kittens are three to four weeks old, begin to offer milk replacer in a shallow bowl, then introduce a moist, easily chewable diet. You can make gruel from warmed milk replacer and a high-quality dry or canned kitten food. Serve it in a shallow bowl and feed the kittens several times each day. By five weeks old, they should be getting used to their new diet. By six to seven weeks old, they should be able to chew dry food and you’ll no longer need to moisten it.
Kittens need large amounts of energy—about two to three times that of an adult cat. About 30 percent of their total energy should come from protein. Make sure the food you offer is specifically formulated for kittens.
Keeping a Newborn Kitten Warm
If the kitten in your care has been orphaned, it is essential that you keep the young one warm. A heating pad or a hot water bottle wrapped in a towel works well. The heat source should be positioned so that the kitten can move away from it at will. Please consult your veterinarian about ideal temperatures, and do take care to monitor the heating pad, if you are using one, to ensure it is functioning properly.
An average birth weight for kittens is about 3 1/2 ounces, depending on breed and litter size. During the first weeks of life, a kitten’s body weight may double or even triple. Gaining 1/4 to half an ounce daily until they are weaned is considered healthy. Kittens who don’t gain adequate weight during this early period may not survive.
Teaching a Kitten to go the Bathroom
After feeding, a mother cat will groom her babies, paying special attention to the anal area. This stimulates excretion, which kittens can’t do on their own until their second or third week. If your kitten is no longer with her mother, dip a soft washcloth or a piece of gauze in warm water and gently massage the anal and urinary regions. The warmth, texture and movement mimic a mother cat’s tongue.
When the kittens are 4 weeks old, you can teach them to use a litter box by placing them in the box after their meals. Cutting one side down will make it easier for the kittens to go in and out.